How was started the Paralympics?
In 1948, doctor Ludwig Guttmann, collected British veterans who returned after World War II with the defeat of the spinal cord, to participate in sports competitions. Called the "father of sport for people with disabilities", Guttmann was a strong advocate of using sport to improve the quality of life of persons with spinal cord lesions. Guttmann had a far-reaching goal is the establishment of the Olympic games for athletes with physical disabilities. Games were held annually, and in 1952, with the arrival of the Dutch team of athletes in wheelchairs to participate in the competition, the Game has received the status international and consisted of 130 participants.Another game that was open not only to war veterans, were held in 1960 in Rome. They are considered the first official Paralympic games. In Rome competed in 400 wheelchair athletes from 23 countries. From this time began the rapid development of the Paralympic movement in the world.
Competition, the purpose of which was originally treatment and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, became the sporting event of the highest level.
Another turning point in the Paralympic movement are the summer Paralympic games in 1988, which used the same facilities that hosted the Olympic competitions. Paralympic winter games of 1992 were held in the same city, and for the first time (for winter games) in the same arenas, and Olympic competitions. In 2001, the international Olympic Committee and international Paralympic Committee signed an agreement under which, starting from 2008, the Paralympic games should take place in the same year and use the same objects as the Olympic games. While the Paralympic games are organized by the same organizing Committee, and Olympic, and funded from the same sources.